I often get asked for book recommendations. I've compiled a list of books and research papers, in no particular order, that I've read and would like to pass on to you. They range from mathematics and philosophy, to statistics and behavioral science, to technology and history. 

Books:
Team of Rivals
The Alchemist
Dreams from My Father
Startup Rising
Zero to One
Meditations
Einstein: His Life and Universe
Getting More
Elon Musk
The Innovators
Extreme Ownership: How U.S. Navy Seals Lead
The Score Takes Care of Itself
Rise of the Robots
Willpower
Founders at Work
How to Win Friends and Influence People
Peak
Outliers
Thinking Fast and Slow
Drive
Born to Run
The Hard Things About Hard Things
Checklist Manifesto
Steve Jobs
The Prince
Nudge
Predictably Irrational
The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People
The Happiness Hypothesis
The Goal
The Talent Code
Influence
Why We Buy
Made to Stick
The Founder's Dilemmas
Business Model Generation
First, Break All the Rules
Blink
Where the Wild Things Are
To Kill a Mockingbird
The Tipping Point
The Charisma Myth
The Monk and The Riddle
Mass Customization
Into Thin Air
The Four Steps to the Epiphany
What’s Mine is Yours
Makers
Work Rules
Designing for Growth
Cartographies of Time
Foundation
Crossing the Chasm
Different
The Elements of User Experience
Reality Check
On Competition 
HTML5 & CSS3 For the Real World
To Sell is Human
Grace for the Moment
Catherine the Great
The Everything Store
Good to Great
Business Adventures
The Work of Leaders
Invisibles
The Art of War
Emotional Equations
Strengths Based Leadership
Don't Make me Think
Cradle to Cradle
The Will to Power
The Happiness Project
Asia Rising
The Black Swan
Where Good Ideas Come From
A Random Walk Down Wall Street
Letters from a Stoic
Mindset
Genghis Khan
Making Ideas Happen
Medici Effect
Learned Optimism
Switch
First Things First
Three Cups of Tea
Sam Walton
The World is Flat
The Last Lecture
Scale - Geoffrey West demonstrates how cities and companies exhibit biological-like behaviors and are fractal in nature. 
Men of Mathematics - Eric Temple Bell highlights the life of 34 men from the sixteenth century through the early twentieth century.
Genome - Matt Ridley 
The Rational Optimist - also by Matt Ridley 
Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance
Things Hidden Since the Foundation of the World - by Renee Girard.
The Visual Display of Quantitative Information - love this book. Great for a history lesson on graphical representations and practical advice. 
The Misbehavior of Markets: A Fractal View of Financial Turbulence - by Benoit Mandelbrot. 
The Fractal Geometry of Nature - by Benoit Mandelbrot. 
The Last Problem 
The Principia: Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy - Newton 
The Philosophical Writings of Descartes

Research Papers:
A theory of nonlinear systems  - from Amar Bose, founder of Bose. He had the renowned Y.W. Lee. as an advisor.
A Brief Introduction to the Basics of Game Theory
Bitcoin's Academic Pedigree
Catastrophic cascade of failures in interdependent networks
Public Opinion and the Democratic Peace
Investing in the Unknown and Unknowable
Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems
The Cook and the Chef: Musk’s Secret Sauce
The Role of Deliberate Practice in the Acquisition of Expert Performance
The Mundanity of Excellence
Whom You Know Matters: Venture Capital Networks and Investment Performance
Non-linear genetic algorithms for solving problems - The present invention is a non-linear genetic algorithm for problem solving - one of the earliest papers on genetic programming. 
Margin of Safety - takeaways from Seth Klarman's $1K+ book. 
A smooth exit from eternal inflation? - Stephen Hawking's final paper. 
Reputation Inflation - reputations are becoming online first. And just like real life, the reputations are inflated. 
Modeling Asset Returns with Hyperbolic Distributions - an attempt to improve upon Black-Scholes theory using hyperbolic distributions to try and better fit the data and model. 
Statistics of Deadly Quarrels - the title says it all. Note the magnitude of death in wars follows a power law. More here.